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Posted: December 02, 2008

Those Shorter Winter Days Could Be Bad for Your Heart

Shorter days with less sunshine exposure during winter months can play a role in the risk of heart disease by decreasing the amount of vitamin D in our bodies, researchers say.

According to an article in the medical journal Circulation, vitamin D deficiency results in part from reduced exposure to sunlight, which is common during cold weather months when days are shorter and more time is spent indoors.

 

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"Chronic vitamin D deficiency may be a culprit in heart disease, high blood pressure and metabolic syndrome," said Sue Penckofer, PhD, RN, study author and professor at the Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing, Loyola University Chicago.

 

The journal review article cited a number of studies that linked vitamin D deficiency to heart disease. These studies found rates of severe disease or death may be 30% to 50% higher among sun-deprived individuals with heart disease.

 

Penckofer and colleagues concluded that diet alone is not sufficient to manage vitamin D levels. Treatment options to correct this level, such as vitamin D2 or D3, may decrease the risk of severe disease or death from cardiovascular disorders. The preferred range in the body is 30 - 60 ng/mL of 25(OH) vitamin D.

 

"Most physicians do not routinely test for vitamin D deficiency," said Penckofer. "However, most experts would agree that adults at risk for heart disease and others who experience fatigue joint pain or depression should have their vitamin D levels measured."

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